One of the most common problems faced by all men and women around the world is acne. Acne is the medical term for pimple. Acne or Acne Vulgaris is caused by an inflammatory infection usually in the face and can be found on the chest and back also. Pimples are sometimes called spots or zits.
With the reach of the age of puberty, lots of biological changes are triggered in the body. Once such change is the maturation of the skin which leads to the enlargement of the sebaceous glands. This may lead to conditions of hyperkeratinization and accumulation of sebum. If is accumulation is not cleared it gets infected. The immune system of the body attacks this infection and separated the pus into segregated pockets which is below the skin.
Acne is caused due to various factors such as genetics, hormonal activity and accumulation of bacterias in the pores.
Pimples cause an inflammation over the skin which results in itching of the skin. So people generally tend to scratch with nails of pointed object to over come the irritation. This results in the puncturing of the inflammation resulting in the spreading of the puss to surrounding areas. This also results in the formation of scars over the area where the acne was present.
Treatment for pimples is of various types which are depending upon the severity. At the initial stages facial creams, antibacterial lotions and also oral medication is prescribed by dermatologists for the treatment of pimples. The most important step is to keep the skin clean and fresh. It is very much advisable to wash the face with a good soap regularly which helps in keeping the skin clean and fresh. This also helps the skin to breath easily thereby avoiding bacterial blockages.
Light therapy: Exposure to light has its effect over the skin which is known to all. When exposing the skin to lights of wavelengths of red light will result in the production of certain free radicals in the skin which will act over the bacteria and there by curing the acne.
Microdermabrasion: This type of treatment includes usage of chemical crystals to clean the face. The face is constantly rubbed using minute chemical crystals that will remove a layer of the infected skin there by exposing the underlying bacterial to the treatment. Thus once the skin is cleaned from the bacteria, the acne is reduced.
Laser treatment is mainly concentrated for the treatment for the scars formed from the pimples, but also helps for the treatment of pimples also. The laser light will burn away the infected area and the oil producing gland there by stopping the acne from further spreading. The laser light also acts on the bacteria and kills them. Much of fear is present for undertaking of laser treatment. But care will be taken to expose the skin to permissible limits of laser lights.
With proper care of the skin and timely medication acne can be easily controlled and cured giving way to a healthy and a glowing face.