Acne Information and Treatments

One of the most common problems faced by all men and women around the world is acne. Acne is the medical term for pimple. Acne or Acne Vulgaris is caused by an inflammatory infection usually in the face and can be found on the chest and back also. Pimples are sometimes called spots or zits.

With the reach of the age of puberty, lots of biological changes are triggered in the body. Once such change is the maturation of the skin which leads to the enlargement of the sebaceous glands. This may lead to conditions of hyperkeratinization and accumulation of sebum. If is accumulation is not cleared it gets infected. The immune system of the body attacks this infection and separated the pus into segregated pockets which is below the skin.
Acne is caused due to various factors such as genetics, hormonal activity and accumulation of bacterias in the pores.

Pimples cause an inflammation over the skin which results in itching of the skin. So people generally tend to scratch with nails of pointed object to over come the irritation. This results in the puncturing of the inflammation resulting in the spreading of the puss to surrounding areas. This also results in the formation of scars over the area where the acne was present.

Treatment for pimples is of various types which are depending upon the severity. At the initial stages facial creams, antibacterial lotions and also oral medication is prescribed by dermatologists for the treatment of pimples. The most important step is to keep the skin clean and fresh. It is very much advisable to wash the face with a good soap regularly which helps in keeping the skin clean and fresh. This also helps the skin to breath easily thereby avoiding bacterial blockages.

Further levels of treatment include Light therapy, Microdermabrasion and laser treatment.
Light therapy: Exposure to light has its effect over the skin which is known to all. When exposing the skin to lights of wavelengths of red light will result in the production of certain free radicals in the skin which will act over the bacteria and there by curing the acne.

Microdermabrasion: This type of treatment includes usage of chemical crystals to clean the face. The face is constantly rubbed using minute chemical crystals that will remove a layer of the infected skin there by exposing the underlying bacterial to the treatment. Thus once the skin is cleaned from the bacteria, the acne is reduced.
Laser treatment is mainly concentrated for the treatment for the scars formed from the pimples, but also helps for the treatment of pimples also. The laser light will burn away the infected area and the oil producing gland there by stopping the acne from further spreading. The laser light also acts on the bacteria and kills them. Much of fear is present for undertaking of laser treatment. But care will be taken to expose the skin to permissible limits of laser lights.

With proper care of the skin and timely medication acne can be easily controlled and cured giving way to a healthy and a glowing face.

Baby Acne and Acne Treatments for Teenagers

If your newborn or infant breaks out with a case of acne, don't panic! It's quite normal. Usually the acne will clear up all by itself and there's rarely a need to use any medications or call your doctor.

Babies, especially newborns, often get acne bumps that are caused by natural skin oil becoming trapped in hair follicles. While mostly found on the cheeks, it's not uncommon for babies to have acne on their forehead or chin as well.

Just continue to bathe your baby as normal using a clean and soft washcloth and your normal baby soap as long as it is hypoallergenic. Otherwise, switch brands to something that is.

If the condition appears to worsen, or it doesn't clear up within a few weeks, then ask your doctor for advice.

Adolescent and Teen Acne Issues

While the occasional blemish can break out at any age, persistent acne usually begins about the same time your child enters puberty.

Forget the old wifes tales about eating too much chocolate or oily foods. Acne in adolescents and teenagers results from a natural increase in body oil which becomes trapped in pores. And it's not about failure to wash the face enough either. In fact, washing too much can actually irritate the skin, clog the pores, and cause more acne.

Child Acne Prevention and Treatment

While prevention may not be possible, you can reduce the appearance of your child's acne by encouraging him or her to gently wash twice a day using warm water, a soft facecloth and a mild hypoallergenic soap.

If your daughter wears makeup, help her to choose cosmetics which are labeled 'noncomedogenic' since they are specially formulated not to promote acne. Also encourage her to never go to bed without removing her makeup. Tell your child that 'popping' just makes things worse.

Most acne responds well to over-the-counter products containing benzol peroxide. This ingredient is available in a number of different lotions and cremes from several manufacturers. Save yourself some money by comparing store brands with national brands. If the ingredients are the same and they are present in the same levels, go for the cheaper one.

The percentage of available benzol peroxide varies among brands. Choose a product with the highest concentration possible, but always test a dab on an inconspicuous portion of your child's body to see if there is any reaction.

If you do not see a marked improvement within 4-6 weeks after treatment begins, take your child to their regular doctor for an exam and treatment advice. There is no need to head straight to a dermatologist unless your child's regular doctor suggests it.

There is no convenient time for an acne breakout in children. Be available to provide the emotional support that your child will need to help him or her through the social stigma that comes with acne. It's a lot bigger deal to them than it is to us.

Scalp Acne

Just about everyone knows what acne is and that it commonly breaks out on the face, chest, arms and on the back. Acne also appears on other parts of the body as well, but unless you're someone with acne in one of these 'other' areas, you may not have realized this.

If you think about what acne is – a skin condition – it makes sense then that acne can appear almost anywhere on the body. One area in particular that is not often associated with acne is the scalp.

Scalp acne, the mildest form of which is also known as scalp folliculitis, probably occurs more frequently than most people realize. This form of acne is most often triggered during times of high stress. This irritating scalp condition usually develops whenever the scalp becomes oilier than usual, such as when the hair isn't washed frequently or when hair care products that contain a considerable amount of oil are used.

Scalp acne is very itchy and that makes it difficult for those who have it to leave it alone. In its mildest form, the pustules are small, crusty, and they're sore. They appear mainly on the upper forehead at the hairline. A person can have just a few pustules or there can be many.

A more severe form of scalp acne called acne necrotica miliaris is characterized by inflamed larger papules with black-colored crusts. This form of acne can leave behind scars that resemble those resulting from Chicken Pox. There is an even more severe form of scalp acne that primarily affects adult African-American men, but can actually affect anybody, regardless of race or sex. This extremely rare condition is a combination of large cysts and smaller pustules and papules that grow to be very large.

Treatment for Scalp Acne

The mild form of scalp acne can be treated the way most other acne is treated. Keep the affected area clean by using a product that contains salicylic acid. Remember though that these products can cause excessive dryness so use only on affected areas. For better control, apply using a cotton ball.

Since oily hair is a contributing factor to scalp acne, using shampoo that is formulated for oily hair and scalp is another good option. Hair care products designed especially to treat seborrhea have also been used successfully. And since many people use more than just shampoo on their hair, it's a good idea to check the labels on all hair care products and make changes as necessary.

Never attempt to treat the more severe forms of scalp acne without first speaking to a doctor or a dermatologist.

One thing that should not be used to treat scalp acne is any product that contains benzoyl peroxide. The peroxide, when it comes into contact with hair, can change the color of the hair and result in a less-than-desirable look. Those who have chemically-textured their hair (for example those with perms) or color-treated their hair are most prone to hair trouble when benzoyl peroxide comes into contact with hair.

More About Back Acne

Back acne – you might not see it, but if you have it, you'll certainly feel it. And although not everyone will get acne on their backs, this condition is common enough to have earned the nickname, 'bacne'. Sounds funny but it isn't really. The back area is home to thousands of sebaceous glands and each one is busy producing a lot of oil. Tight-fitting clothing and clothing made from fabrics that don't allow the skin to breathe are two of the biggest instigators of back acne. Even wearing a backpack has been attributed to triggering bouts of back acne.

These types of clothing and accessories trap the oil that's being constantly produced by the sebaceous glands on the back. And just like the acne that appears on other parts of the body, when the sebaceous gland gets clogged, dead skin cells become trapped inside the hair follicles and soon, bacteria is on its way, inflaming the tissues surrounding the affected areas and causing acne.

Any type of acne can appear on the back including whiteheads and blackheads, pustules (the surface type), papules (a bit deeper) or the acne can form deep in the skin and cause acne cysts. Back acne doesn't seem to be triggered by hereditary, stress or a poor diet, but long hair has been known to aggravate the pores on the back. If you have long hair and back acne, you might want to keep your hair off your back.

Back Acne Treatments

The skin that covers the back is much thicker than the skin that covers the other parts of the body where acne is prone to appear. And because of this difference in skin thickness, the treatment regime for 'bacne' is going to be different.

It's still very important to keep the back clean and the best way is to bathe or shower frequently, especially after working out. Use a cleanser that contains salicylic or glycolic acid. If you've never used one before, now is the time to learn how to gently use a loofah so you can begin removing those dead skin cells (also known as exfoliating).

After washing and drying the skin, apply a topical product that contains benzoyl peroxide to the areas on the back that are affected by acne and be sure to allow the product to fully absorb into the skin (it can stain clothing). Also, it's important to only treat the areas that have acne, rather than slathering the product all over the back. You don't want the skin on your back to become excessively dry. If you dry out the skin, you'll have to moisturize and that could cause more acne. If you cannot reach the affected areas, have someone apply the product for you.

That's all you really need to treat back acne. Most people don't wash their backs as well as they should so changing this bad habit will produce almost immediate results. Of course if your back acne is severe, you should consult with a dermatologist.

Is Genital Acne for Real?

What is commonly referred to as genital acne is actually a medical condition known as Hidradenitis Suppurativa. The visible appearance of this other condition resembles acne which is probably why the confusion between the two conditions exists.

What is Different?

Unlike acne, which involves the sebaceous glands, Hidradenitis Suppurativa involves a different set of glands – the apocrine glands. Apocrine glands are located in the groin area and under the arms and the nipples and these glands can also become blocked. Perspiration is the culprit, much like it is with acne, but something else that can happen to the apocrine glands is that they sometimes do not develop completely. When materials become trapped inside these glands and cannot get outside the body they end up being forced out into the tissues that surround the blocked glands. The end result is a painful infection and inflammation surrounding the area of infection that sometimes causes lesions to appear on the surface of the skin.

Besides excessive perspiration, which is common in this area, there are other situations that can cause irritation in the groin area and trigger this condition. Clothing that is too tight and that constantly rubs against the skin is one culprit, but some laundry detergents can also irritate the skin. If you've got trouble in this area, try using a different detergent or even a different body soap to see if the problem goes away.

When to See a Doctor

If the problem persists and especially if the lesions are present on the genital organs, it's probably time to see a doctor. Unfortunately, genital acne (or Hidradenitis Suppurativa) is sometimes something more serious. The lesions can actually be a symptom of a sexually-transmitted disease such as genital herpes or warts and have nothing at all to do with blocked glands. Yes, this visit will likely be uncomfortable and even embarrassing, but it's absolutely necessary to get the right diagnosis. That's the only way you'll be able to make this bad situation better.

When the diagnosis is Hidradenitis Suppurativa, it's easier to treat if it's a mild case. If so, then switch to wearing clothing that doesn't fit quite so snugly. And just as with acne, you'll want to keep the affected areas free of bacteria so cleanse with an antiseptic, or hydrogen or benzoyl peroxide solution. If the lesions have a discharge or are painful, they might have an infection that requires antibiotics. Extreme lesions may even need to be sliced open and drained, but this is only recommended for very severe situations.

When this medical situation is under control, making a few simple changes to your cleansing routine will help keep this often painful condition from reemerging. As with any type of acne, gentle exfoliation is the key to keeping bacteria under control. The exfoliating process helps to remove dead cells so that they don't become a problem. Be sure to use a mild cleanser and to rub gently so the skin doesn't become irritated.

Natural Acne Skin Care Solutions

If someone could figure out a way to prevent acne, that person would be very wealthy because people all over the world would stand in line to buy the solution. But so far, the way to prevent acne remains a mystery.
Home treatment for acne?

While ointments, soaps and lotions remain by far the most popular acne treatment options, perhaps hundreds of companies in business right now are offering herbal remedies for acne and natural acne treatments. Do these products work?

The manufacturers of these products claim they do. They offer plenty of testimonials from satisfied customers but they come up short on scientific data. And unfortunately, there aren't any governing bodies in charge of validating their health-related claims. Does this lack of legislative oversight make a product good or bad? The answer depends on whom you ask and what you believe.

But this much is certain. In earlier times, as far back in time as there is record, civilizations relied entirely on herbal and natural remedies to treat every ailment. They had to because the neighborhood pharmacy, with its manufactured treatments for every ailment ever documented, is a very recent development.

Throughout the centuries, civilizations ate only the foods that came from the earth or that they raised on their farms. Life was more difficult and life spans were definitely shorter but these people overall were very healthy. Why? Many believe the reason for this better state of health is because they did not fill their bodies with processed ingredients, harsh pesticides and other potentially dangerous combinations of chemicals.
Are acne home remedies effective?

So how do you decide whether herbal remedies and natural treatments for acne are effective? The only thing you really can do is research this issue. Find out which herbs and natural ingredients have been shown to be effective in treating acne and then find skin care products that include them. Then try these products for yourself and measure your own results.

For example, dermatologists typically recommend antibiotics because bacteria are a main cause of acne. But did you know that several natural products have shown promise in fighting bacteria? Echinacea and Tea Tree oil are two of the more common natural remedies for acne. A dermatologist may be able to give you more information on herbal remedies and natural treatments for acne and if yours won't, it might be time to find someone who will.
Some basic Home remedies for pimples

If you're willing to look, you'll find plenty of clay masks, facial peels and gentle abrasives made from all-natural ingredients. If you take time to find a reputable company and to also read the ingredients label, you'll find plenty of natural options for treating your acne.

Does Your Diet Really Affect Acne?

Whether or not a person's diet affects the presence or absence of acne is one of life's greatest debates. There are as many people who claim a relationship exists between acne and diet as there are those who swear no such relationship exists. So which way of thinking is right? Will you really break out if you eat too much chocolate or too many greasy, high-fat foods?

The Great Debate is Over

As much as we wish it could be true, to date there is no scientific evidence that links what you eat to the development of acne. Acne isn't caused by eating too much pizza or French fries or by drinking too much soda. Acne is caused by the oils that are produced by overly-active sebaceous glands beneath the skin, but these oils are very different from the oils that are used in food preparation. So next time your mother, friend or other family member tries to tell you otherwise, it's okay for you not to believe what they're saying.

If no relationship exists between diet and acne, how has this myth survived for so many years? Well many people simply believe it to be true. They believe that, in their own case, eating certain foods triggers acne outbursts. If you too happen to think this is true, then you have every right to steer clear of the foods you've identified as acne instigators. Doctors will tell you to avoid those foods that you think spell trouble, but that's as far as most will go when it comes to linking diet with acne.

Do Watch What You Eat

Even though there might not be a scientifically-proven connection between acne and food, there are many health- and nutrition-related reasons for limiting your intake of processed, fried, high-fat foods and those tasty sweet treats that are made from refined carbohydrates. Those types of foods have been proven to cause heart disease, a condition that is far more serious than acne. That reason all by itself should be enough to make every person, regardless of race, sex or age, change their eating habits.

A diet that is the right balance of vitamins and nutrients can greatly reduce the risk of heart trouble. Such a diet will leave you feeling more energized and may even slow down the effects of aging (the debate on this issue still rages). Equally important, a balanced diet is the most effective way to lose weight and keep it off, and that claim has also been proven.

What really happens when the body is fed a nutritionally-balanced diet is that it is more capable of performing at optimum capacity. When the body feels better, it acts better, and it's only a short time until it looks better too. So go ahead and start adding more fiber, anti-oxidant-rich fruits and vegetables and complex carbohydrates to your diet and start reaping the benefits. You might find that glowing, blemish-free skin is one way your body benefits from eating a proper diet!

How the Birth Control Pill and Pregnancy Affect Acne

Acne first develops during adolescence, when hormone levels begin to surge. This deluge of hormones causes the sebaceous glands to go into overdrive. They begin producing increased levels of sebaceous oils that often become clogged inside the glands. When the oils can't escape, acne develops.

If fluctuating hormone levels within the body trigger an increase in sebaceous oil production, it makes sense then that any time a person's hormone level is altered there's an increased chance that an outbreak of acne will occur. With women, acne flare-ups are common while they are taking birth control pills and also when they become pregnant.

Birth Control & Acne

Women who do take the birth control pill and who notice that their acne is getting worse should discuss the situation with their doctor. Different brands of oral contraception have different levels of hormones and one side effect of some brands is an increase in acne. Switching to another brand can bring acne back under control.

And that's why women who have moderate but persistent acne sometimes choose to start taking the birth control pill as a way to help clear up their acne. Any women who is healthy, who is at least age 15, who has begun menstruating and who has made the decision to begin using oral contraceptives can discuss getting a prescription for a birth control pill with their doctor. There are several brands that help clear up acne but only one so far has been approved by the FDA for treating acne and that is Ortho Tri-cyclen.

It's important to note that taking the birth control pill as a way to treat acne is an option that is best pursued only after all other acne treatment options have been attempted without success. The birth control pill does have side effects and it must be taken exactly as prescribed to be effective.

Acne During Pregnancy

Women who have become pregnant often report an increase in acne, too. Many changes occur within a woman's body in an effort to properly prepare the body for the growing fetus. The two primary female hormones at work in every woman's body are progesterone and estrogen. During pregnancy, progesterone becomes the dominant hormone, taking on new roles as the fetus develops. But progesterone is more androgenic than estrogen, which basically means it is more like the hormones found in men. Increased progesterone during pregnancy causes the sebaceous glands to produce more sebaceous oils than normal and that is what can cause outbreaks of acne.

If it's possible, the best way to handle acne during pregnancy is to realize that it is a short-term problem that will usually go away once the baby is born. If this isn't possible, discuss your options over with a dermatologist who has experience working with patients during their pregnancy. After discussing your situation, the dermatologist will be able to suggest treatment options that'll make you happier with your appearance and that won't harm your baby.

Makeup for acne scars - What is the best way to conceal them?

OK, so your new acne medication promises fast results in 7 days, but you've got to put your best face forward today. Is there anything you can do besides stepping out your front door wearing a ski mask?

You bet there is. All you need is to learn a few creative acne makeup concealing tips to help you look your very best at school, work or play.

Remember -- Makeup conceals acne, it doesn't cure it!

But you already knew that, right? Using makeup to conceal acne isn't difficult, but there are some basic rules that you should always follow.

Your basic acne makeup toolkit

Your three acne-hiding makeup weapons will be a concealer, a foundation and a finishing powder. Stay away from the dollar store and use only brand names that you can trust.

Choose only oil-free makeup products that match your skin tone. Oil-free is the key to success here so read the labels carefully. You don't want to aggravate your existing acne problem by layering a fresh coat of oil on skin that already has too much to begin with. Choose a hypoallergenic brand while you're at it.

If this is the first time that you are using a new brand, test the makeup applying small dabs to a spot under your jaw to see how your skin reacts. If you are going to have a problem you'll know within an hour or so after applying it. Nothing's worse than adding more blotches to an already colorful face.

Before you begin

Wash your face with your normal face cleansing product and pat dry. Apply your acne medication per the instructions and let it dry throughly.

Start with the concealer

Apply the concealer in a light dabbing motion directly to any dark blotches or red areas that the acne has produced on your skin. Blend the concealer in using a disposable facial sponge. Use the concealer sparingly. You can always apply more if you need it but you don't want to layer it on too thickly. It will look terrible when it dries.

Next, apply the foundation

Apply the foundation sparingly as well and use a light dabbing motion here too. Blend the foundation with your sponge and reapply to any areas that need it.

And now for the final touch

Apply a light layer of the oil-free powder using a large makeup brush. This will take care of any shine that the acne concealer and foundation left behind and it will give you an even and finished look.

Throw away the disposable sponges when you are through so you don't transfer yesterday's skin oil to tomorrow's clean face!

Before you go to bed

Wash your face throughly to remove all makeup before you go to bed, but preferably as soon as you can after you return home. You want your skin to breath and your acne to get as much fresh air as possible.

Proactiv Acne Treatment - Should I Try It

Proactiv is one of the most recognized treatments for acne. Developed by two dermatologists, Dr. Kathy Fields and Dr. Katie Rodan, Proactiv works on more than just the “spot treatment” of blemishes and acne. Proactiv acne treatment cleanses, tones and provides a repairing lotion.

Celebrity endorsement

Many celebrities and high profile individuals endorse proactiv acne treatment. Jessica Simpson, Vanessa Williams, and Elle Macpherson are just some of the celebrities that use and promote Proativ. Proactiv has used celebrity true-life experiences to market their products to a target audience. They are live proof that Proactiv does work. Proactiv is marketed to both a teenage target group as well as to a more adult audience. It is important to note that acne is a problem for people of all ages, and many acne suffers are in their thirties and forties.

Treatment Packs

Proactiv works in three ways:

- Renewing cleanser – gently exfoliates skin and provides anti-bacterial benzoyl peroxide

- Revitalizing toner – removes dead skin cells, unclogs pores and removes excess oil

- Repairing lotion – uses benzoyl peroxide to heal existing blemishes and prevent further breakouts.

In addition to these basic products some treatment packs also include oil free moisture to hydrate skin and provide SPF 15 protection. Daily oil control is also available as an additional treatment to prevent oil build up and keep your face shine free during the day.

What do users say about Proactiv acne treatment?

Proactiv has developed a gallery on their website that allows individuals to send in before and after pictures. The change is amazing. Millions of people have used Proactiv and have reported success for the first time in treating and controlling acne and breakouts. People have sent in comments about how easy using the Proactiv acne treatment system is, and how they wish they had tried it sooner.

Not only is a person’s complexion changed using Proactiv, so is their outlook on life and on themselves. They no longer cover their skin with make-up or wear hats pulled low over their faces. People report feeling good about going out, proud of themselves, and happy to be free from acne.

Our recommendation for those considering acne treatments to do some more research and consult a dermatologist before considering proactiv or some other treatment.

Acne and Skin Care - What do I need to know about acne care ?

Skin care is important at any time of life but especially so if you have acne. One of the secrets for keeping acne under control is maintaining the health of the skin as much as possible. This means keeping the skin clean and protecting it from sources of damage like sunshine and harsh cosmetics.

Cleaning the Skin

Use a gentle soap or specialized skin cleaner for washing the face once or twice a day. It is important not to scrub the skin as this will further aggravate the acne. Just use a soft cloth to moisten the face and then apply the cleanser to all areas from the hairline to the neck. Rinse the cleanser with plenty of water and pat your face drive with a soft towel.

Those with especially oily skin may need to use an astringent, but it must be used with care. Only apply it to the parts of the face which are most oily and discontinue use if your skin becomes irritated. It is best to consult with a dermatologist if you feel you need to use an astringent.

Hair care is also an important part of skin care. Shampoo your hair two or three times a week and try to keep it off your face as much as possible. Those with oily hair may need to wash their hair once a day.

Protect Your Skin from the Sun

A suntan may dry out the skin and make your acne less noticeable but this is only temporary. As your skin becomes accustomed to sun exposure the acne will flare up once again, and in the meantime you are also risking skin damage that may cause it to age prematurely or even cause skin cancer. Many of the medications used to treat acne cause the skin to become more sensitive to sunshine and more vulnerable to burning. It is always best to wear a sunscreen when outdoors.

Choose Makeup with Care

The best choice for good skin care is to wear no makeup at all, but if you feel you must wear makeup choose some that will not clog the pores. These products are labeled noncomedogenic, but they may still cause acne in some people. Above all, avoid makeup with an oil base. Read the labels carefully and use sparingly.


Try both electric razors and safety razors to see which is more comfortable. Don't use safety razors with dull blades -- change the blade every two or three shaves. You may have to shave around blemishes to avoid cutting them, and be sure to soften the beard as much as possible with water and shaving cream. If you happen have a lot of breakouts perhaps it is best to skip shaving that day.

Avoid Touching the Skin

As tempting as it may be too squeeze and pop those pimples, don't do it! You are only inviting more trouble because the bacteria which causes pimples will spread. Popping pimples can also lead to permanent scarring. See cure for pimples for more information.

Try to avoid touching your face as much as possible. Many people do this unconsciously, but the hands are dirty and oily and can spread germs over greater areas of your skin.

Acne can be brought under control. Medications are a great help in clearing up the skin and combating the bacteria which causes acne, but be sure to help it along as much as possible by taking good care of your skin.

Acne Scar Removal and Treatment - Tell me more about fast removal of acne scars

At some point in life, almost everyone experiences acne. For some, acne is nothing more than an annoying and sometimes embarrassing rite of passage that occurs during adolescence, when hormone levels surge. Others unfortunately suffer extreme bouts of acne. Either situation can however, result in mild or severe acne scarring.

Several different acne scarring treatments are available. These work to help the scarred area return to a more 'normal' appearance because most acne scars, like any type of scarring, can almost never be permanently removed.

The available treatment options differ considerably in their approach and what's right for a person will depend on several factors including the type and extent of scarring involved, an evaluation of how the scarring is impacting the person's livelihood and the individual's budget. It's always advisable to thoroughly discuss treatment options with a dermatologist before making a decision.

Causes of Acne Scars

As with all scarring, acne scars result from tissue damage. When tissue is damaged, the body reacts by initiating the repair process and taking steps to protect against infection. Collagen is something the body sends to the damaged area but sometimes the body produces too much. When this happens, the excess collagen builds up into a fibrous mass that ends up becoming a smooth and firm acne scar with an irregular shape. Acne scars also result when tissue is lost and this is actually the more common reason scars develop. Many different types of scarring exist within this latter category including the well-known 'ice-pick' scar, depressed scars, soft scars, atrophic macules and others.

Treatment Options for fast removal of acne scars

Injecting collagen into the scar site is an effective method for most people however it's one that'll need to be repeated regularly, about every 3 – 6 months. Once injected under the skin, the collagen puffs out the scar area, making the scar less noticeable.

A similar process involves using a person's own body fat. This treatment option is called autologus fat transfer. Basically, fat is taken from another part of the body and injected into the acne scar, causing it to fill out. This option also does need to be repeated, although less frequently, because the fat will begin to absorb back into the skin.

Dermabrasion is a common treatment method for most types of acne scarring. It's done under local anesthesia. In this procedure, a thin layer of surface skin is removed using a fraise or a brush set on high speed. Removing the surface layer can actually remove some shallow scarring at the surface and it can lessen the depth of deeper scarring. Microdermabrasion also removes the surface skin but does so using crystals of aluminum oxide that pass through a vacuum.

Laser treatment is another acne scar treatment option. Lasers of various intensity and wavelength are aimed at the scarring with the goal of changing a scar's shape. Depending on the scar, permanent results can sometimes be achieved. Again, multiple treatments may be necessary.

Other acne treatment options are available including skin grafting and skin surgery, but these extreme procedures are reserved primarily for deep scarring or extreme situations.

Acne Scar Treatment - How can I get rid of acne scars

Most people with mild or moderate acne will recover from the condition without serious scarring. In cases of severe acne, however, scarring is almost inevitable. But don't give up hope -- new acne treatments can minimize scarring and existing scars can be removed with a variety of techniques.

Most pimples leave behind a discolored patch of skin. This is not really a scar and will usually clear up by itself within one year. Marks or skin defects that remain longer than one year are considered to be scars and can be treated.

Preventing Scars

Acne scars can be prevented through a program of active treatment and self-control. One of the worst things you can do to pimples is to pick them. Some people try to squeeze or remove blackheads or whiteheads but this is the worst thing that you can do. Not only will the bacteria which causes acne spread, the skin can be damaged which leads to permanent scarring.

Mild cases of acne can usually be self treated with over-the-counter medications but more severe cases should be treated by a dermatologist. The doctor can prescribe oral medications as well as topical ointments for use on the skin. In some cases, the doctor will also physically remove blackheads or whiteheads and lance and drain pus filled nodules. The dermatologist uses surgical instruments which have been sterilized, so these procedures should never be attempted at home.

Pimples form on the skin because of the presence of bacteria. The bacteria damages and inflames the skin. Once the acne has cleared up, the skin may appear discolored -- this is part of the natural healing process, and the discolorment will disappear after a period of time.

This healing process can be sped up with the use of medications like Retin-A, Renova, and Alpha-Hydroxy Acids. Sunshine can damage the skin and thereby delay the healing process, so sunscreens should always be worn outside.

Above all, avoid picking scabs that may form over old acne lesions. Scabs are a necessary part of the healing process and picking them off unnecessarily exposes the skin which extends the time necessary for scars to heal.

Treating Scars

Existing scars left over from acne can be treated in a number of ways. If scars are not too severe, a chemical peel can be applied to the skin. This effectively removes the microscopic top layer of the skin allowing the cells underneath to rejuvenate.

More severe scarring can be treated with lasers or dermabrasion. Lasers remove the damaged layer of skin and tighten the skin underneath to raise the depression caused by the scar. The process can be mildly painful so the dermatologist may use an anesthetic to numb the pain. The healing process after laser treatment takes about 3 to 10 days.

Dermabrasion removes scars by actually scraping away the surface of the skin where the scarring occurs. During the healing process a new layer of skin is formed to replace the scarring. Both dermabrasion and laser treatments can cause the skin to turn red, but this discolorment will disappear after several months.

How can parents help their teens with acne ?

Since acne is such a common condition, parents of teenage children are sure to have experienced it themselves. As adults, we know that acne will pass, but this is small comfort to teenagers who are suffering from the embarrassment of acne. Parents need to be morally supportive, but also need to be a source of information and advice about how to treat acne.

One of the best ways for parents to help their children is to learn as much as possible about the various types of acne and how it can be treated. Armed with this knowledge you can help your teenager make appropriate decisions about medications or whether or not to consult with the dermatologist.

Just because you had acne when you were a teenager doesn't make you an expert. New medications and new methods of treatment have been developed so that most common acne conditions can be brought under control. There are a variety of approaches, so knowing what is available will help you decide which is best for your child.

Consulting with a dermatologist is always a good idea for any skin condition. Those spots that appear on your teenager's skin are most likely to be acne, but there are other skin conditions that resemble it. Consulting with a dermatologist will give you a definite diagnosis and also provide you with as many treatment options as possible.

Talking with your teenager about acne can be touchy because he or she is likely to be embarrassed by their appearance. You know best how to approach your teenager, but in general you need to be supportive and understanding. Never accuse your child of following habits that cause acne -- the myths about oily foods, chocolate, or sex causing acne have been proven to be untrue.

Most likely, your teenager is trying everything he or she can to control the acne. Even if they don't want to talk about it, it most likely is one of their major concerns. After all, acne can affect self image and sociability and in severe cases can lead to depression and withdrawal.

Let your teenager know that you are available and that you are willing to help him or her with their acne. Talking about your own experiences may help and certainly can't hurt – it may give your teenager a broader perspective on the condition.

Even though it may be small comfort, remind your child that most teenagers suffer from acne -- they are not alone. It is estimated that 85% of adolescents have acne, and 40% have acne severe enough to need treatment by a dermatologist. If, after trying a few over-the-counter medications without success, encourage your child to go to a dermatologist. Medical treatments can include oral medicines, physical treatments, and ointments and lotions which are applied directly on the acne. These treatments can help clear up the acne while offering relief from the physical discomfort it causes.

Acne does not last forever. As your child gets older the acne should become less of a problem, and by the time they are in their early 20s should be a thing of the past.

How to get rid of acne ?

Acne Treatments Part 4 – Seeing a Dermatologist
Even though mild acne isn't a serious condition it is a good idea to see a dermatologist if your skin breaks out. You can receive valuable information about the cause of acne as well as learning about the options for treatment. In addition, there is a condition called keratosis pilaris that is sometimes confused with acne, so seeing a dermatologist can determine which condition you actually have so that you are not wasting time with inappropriate treatments.

Mild conditions of acne can be effectively treated with over-the-counter medications but more severe cases need the attention of a doctor. Acne can cause physical as well as emotional suffering and can lead to permanent scarring if not properly treated. When acne is not responding to over-the-counter medications you should consult with a dermatologist for treatment.

It is a good idea to prepare for your first consultation by writing down as much information about your acne as possible. The doctor will want to know the background -- how long you have had acne, what form it takes (blackheads, whiteheads, lesions etc.) and what you have done to treat it. You may also be asked if your parents or siblings had acne and how severe it was for them.

Since the acne treatment may include oral medications you should be prepared to tell the doctor if you are allergic to certain medicines. Girls may be asked to describe their menstrual period and boys may need to say how often they shave.

The dermatologist may offer a choice of treatments so knowing a bit about the various options can help you make an informed decision. Antibiotics are used to kill the bacteria that cause acne. Antibiotics can be given orally or in a lotion that is applied to the skin. Severe cases may require the use of both forms.

Topical treatments include benzoyl peroxide and retinoic acid. These are usually prescribed in gel form and may cause dryness or reddening of the skin.

In severe cases of acne physical treatments may be recommended. These include the removal of blackheads and whiteheads and the drainage of cysts.

No matter which form of treatment you decide on it is important to follow directions given by the doctor. Don't take more or less of a medication than prescribed. If your acne clears up, continue treatment until advised otherwise, otherwise it may come back.

Always be informed about your condition and get the information you require. Write down questions as you think of them so that you can ask your doctor at your next consultation. Common questions include:

  • What kind of treatment is best for me?
  • How soon will I start to see results?
  • How long will the treatment last?
  • Are there any side effects?
  • How should I care for my skin?
  • Can I use makeup?
  • How can I prevent acne scars?

Treatment for severe acne may continue for some time. Each time you see your doctor take the opportunity to clear up any questions or concerns you have about acne or your treatment. Try to become as well-informed as possible so that you can participate fully in your acne treatment.

What is Acne ? Is it the same for Zits or Pimples ?

Acne is a common skin condition which most often appears during the teenage years. Commonly known as pimples or zits, acne usually appears on the face but can also happen on other parts of the body such as the back, the shoulders, neck and chest. Even though most teenagers experience acne at some point, it is a condition which can also affect adults. Acne is universal -- it affects males and females almost equally and occurs in every race.

The proper name for acne is Acne Vulgaris. It is characterized by lesions which break out on the skin. The lesions can be whiteheads, blackheads, or cysts which form because of clogged pores. Causes of acne: It is most commonly seen during puberty because it is at this time that the body produces an abundant supply of an oily substance called sebum. Sebum is needed to keep the hair and a skin soft and lubricated, but during puberty, the body produces more sebum than is needed. The excess can clog pores and leave the skin feeling oily.

Another change that occurs during puberty is the excess production of follicle cells. The dying cells can quickly build up and combine together with sebum to form whiteheads. This mixture of oil and dead cells creates a breeding ground for bacteria which results in redness and swelling in the afflicted area that are known as pimples.

Acne is an extremely common condition which affects about 85% of people between the ages of 12 and 24. One quarter of these people have acne on other parts of the body besides the face -- most commonly the back and neck areas. 40% of acne sufferers seek medical attention because of the severity of their breakouts.

The most common area for pimples to appear is the so-called 'T zone' of the face. This includes the forehead, the nose, and the chin, although acne may also appear on the cheeks and other parts of the face. The second most common area for acne is the back, followed by the neck, the chest, and the shoulders.

By the time they are in their 20s, most people's acne has cleared up. However, it may still persist throughout the adult years in some people. Some people even experience acne for the first time when they are adults. Slightly more boys than girls suffer from the condition.

Acne can be a problem for many people because it affects appearance and self image. Since teenagers are particularly vulnerable concerning their self-image, acne can cause feelings of depression and reduced self-confidence. It may cause some to withdraw from social interactions and cause feelings of anger and frustration.

Thankfully, there are many modern treatments for acne. The first line of defence is keeping the skin clean and oil free. This can be done by gentle washing with soap and water twice a day, particularly after activities which cause perspiration. There are also a wide variety of medical treatments available for acne, both prescribed and over-the-counter.

Severe acne conditions can be treated by a dermatologist. The doctor can prescribe ointments which are used directly on the skin as well as drugs like antibiotics which combat the bacteria which causes pimples. A dermatologist can also give valuable advice about diet and lifestyle changes which may help in combating acne.

What are some acne causes and treatments?

Acne is not fully understood, but we do know some of the biology behind it. The main culprit is the excess production of an oily substance called sebum whose function is to keep skin and hair lubricated and supple. During adolescence, the body often produces excess amounts of sebum. The sebum combines with naturally occurring dead skin cells to block hair follicles which prevents the sebum from escaping.

The resulting block up of oil beneath the surface of the skin provides an ideal environment for bacteria. The bacteria multiply and the skin area becomes red and inflamed resulting in what is commonly called a pimple.

The excess production of sebum is caused by the male hormone testosterone. Testosterone is present in both males and females, but during puberty, the body changes the way it reacts to the presence of testosterone. It is this abnormal reaction, characteristically appearing during adolescence, that causes the skin (especially on the face and upper torso) to become excessively oily. By the early 20s, the body usually normalizes its reaction to testosterone and acne clears up.

Other Causes Of Acne

Acne seems to be partly hereditary, but we don't know exactly why some people are affected by it and others are not. Some of the factors which seem to aggravate acne conditions include stress, diet, skin irritation, certain medications, and hormonal activities such as menstrual cycles.

Medications that are associated with acne include anabolic steroids used for bodybuilding, lithium, barbiturates, halogens, and androgens. Dietary links seem to be mostly related to skim milk products. Many people associate food like chocolate and fast food with pimples, but there is no statistical evidence that this type of food causes or aggravates acne.

Recently, scientific attention has been focusing on the possibility that narrowing hair follicles could be at least partially to blame for acne. The hair follicles may become restricted due to several possible causes including excessive shedding of cells within the follicle, abnormal cell binding, or water retention which causes the skin to swell. The narrower hair follicles prevent dead cells from being expelled from the body, causing an excessive buildup underneath the skin, which combined with sebum creates the conditions for acne.

Many people are tempted to pop or squeeze their pimples, but this may only serve to spread the bacteria to the surrounding skin area making the condition even worse than before. Popping pimples may also lead to scarring which in severe cases can be permanent.

Simply touching the face can also make acne become worse. It is a difficult habit to overcome -- most of us touch our faces repeatedly throughout the day. The problem for acne sufferers is that the hands also contain oils and bacteria which will exacerbate acne symptoms. In fact, all objects that come into contact with the face must be clean. This includes eyeglasses and telephone handsets.

Hair (especially long hair) also comes into contact with our faces so it is important to keep hair clean and oil free. Clothing accessories like headbands or hats should be avoided or used as little as possible.

Myths about Acne

Scientific knowledge about acne is gradually clearing up some of the misconceptions surrounding this condition, but there are many myths that persist. Here are some common acne myths.

Myth #1 - Acne is caused by poor hygiene. This belief may have arisen because of the skin infections associated with acne. However, lack of cleanliness is not the reason for outbreaks of acne. The mixture of sebum and dead cells which cause acne is situated beneath the surface of the skin where it is impossible to clean it away. However, gentle cleansing with soap and water once or twice a day will keep the skin as healthy as possible. Be careful not to scrub too hard, however, as this may make acne worse.

Myth #2 - Acne is caused by certain foods. There is a long-standing belief that eating chocolate will cause the face to break out in pimples. There is no scientific evidence for this -- studies have shown no statistically significant relationship between eating chocolate and acne. The same holds true of other foods associated like potato chips and sugar. It is true, however, that eating too much of these foods is unhealthy, and you wish to keep as healthy as possible at all times and especially if afflicted with acne. Limiting chocolate and sugar consumption is always a good idea.

Even though chocolate and french fries do not cause acne, there are some foods which do seem to aggravate it. There seems to be a relationship between milk and acne, and foods high in iodine also seem to cause pimples. Iodine is found in seafood, so those with acne may be advised not to eat too much seafood.

Myth #3 - Acne is related to sex. At various times we heard that masturbation or celibacy causes pimples. There is no evidence for this. There is a link between sexual activity and hormone production, however, but the relationship between sex and the production of sebum (the oily substance which combines with dead skin cells to cause acne) is unclear. Anger and stress also affect hormone levels.

Myth #4 - Acne has to run its course. There are many treatments available for acne, so those who are suffering from the discomfort and embarrassment that acne causes can find relief by consulting with a dermatologist or using over-the-counter medicine.

Myth #5 - Acne is only a teenage condition. It is true that most adolescents have acne, but it also affects some adults. Acne will usually clear up by time one enters their early 20s, but some people experience acne for the first time when they are in their 30s or 40s.

Myth #6 - Acne only affects appearance. Acne is a skin condition which can also cause psychological distress. Those with severe acne are especially vulnerable to feelings of depression and low self-image. There is a strong link between severe acne conditions and social withdrawal.

Myth #7 - Popping pimples is the best way to get rid of them. In fact, popping pimples may aggravate acne by spreading the bacteria which is causing it. Popping can also lead to scarring which in severe cases can be permanent.

Myth #8 - Sunbathing is good for acne. Exposure to the sun has the effect of drying out excess oils, so it does in fact have a short-term effect of improving acne. However, the skin quickly becomes accustomed to sun exposure so no long-term benefit is gained. Sun exposure may also damage the skin and increase the chance of skin cancer.

Myth #9 - Makeup causes acne. Some makeup can clog the pores which is bad for the health of the skin. Cosmetics labelled "noncomedogenic" or "nonacnegenic" are safe to use and some brands may include ingredients which can treat acne.

Myth #10 - The more acne medicine the better. Some people believe that if their acne gets worse they should use more medicine. Excess use of acne ointments, however, may irritate the skin, and oral medicines can be dangerous when taken in large quantities. Always follow the directions for the acne medications.

How to get rid of acne ?

Acne Treatment Part One -- Over-the-Counter Topical Medications
There are many types of over-the-counter treatments for acne. Most people, when first faced with an acne condition, usually go to the local pharmacy and buy an over-the-counter medication on the basis of recommendations from their friends or perhaps even television ads. It's always a good idea, however, to consult with a doctor before using any kind of over-the-counter medication. Even though acne is a fairly benign condition, a doctor can advise on the best course of treatment and also offers suggestions based on your particular kind of acne.

Because of the large number of products available for treating acne, it can be difficult to decide which one to try. Depending on advice from your friends is not too reliable, because what works for one person may not work for another. It's best if you have some background knowledge about the active ingredients in various acne medications, so you can make a better informed choice about which medication to try.
Popular ingredients in acne treatments

One of the most popular ingredients in acne treatments is benzoyl peroxide. It is found in gels and ointments and works by combating the bacteria which causes pimples. It is also useful for removing dead skin cells that accumulate on the surface of the skin. It is these dead skin cells which combine with sebum to create blackheads and whiteheads.

Benzoyl peroxide has been proven to be safe and effective in combating lesions. It can be used after acne has cleared up to keep the skin free from acne causing bacteria. The only side effect associated with this ingredient is dry skin, and this can be avoided by decreasing the frequency that it is applied on the skin. It can also bleach hair and clothing, so care must be taken when applying it.

Another popular ingredient in acne medications is salicylic acid. This prevents acne by clearing up dead skin cells which are accumulating too quickly and clogging the pores. Products which contain salicylic acid should continue to be used after the skin has cleared up to prevent future outbreaks of acne. The only side effects associated with salicylic acid are dry, irritated skin.

Other ingredients you may see in acne medications include resorcinol and sulphur. Resorcinol causes the top layer of skin to peel -- including the dead skin cells which clog the pores. It is often combined with sulphur. It is not known how sulphur affects acne conditions, but it has been used effectively for more than 50 years. Sulphur is often combined with other ingredients besides resorcinol like salicylate acid and benzoyl peroxide. It is not usually used by itself because of its strong, unpleasant odor.

Of all these ingredients used for combating acne, benzoyl peroxide is probably the most versatile. It can be used in cleansing liquids or bars, as well as lotion, cream, and gels which are applied directly on the skin. The cleansing products are usually used once or twice a day, while the creams and lotions can be used as needed. They should be applied on the skin around the acne as well as the pimples themselves for most effectiveness. You must avoid getting benzoyl peroxide in the eyes, mouth or nose as it will cause irritation or inflammation.

What are the different types of Acne ?

There are many forms of acne. It ranges from mild to severe and can be found on various parts of the body. Mild acne can usually be self treated, but severe cases are best left to health professionals like dermatologists.

The most common type of acne is Acne Vulgaris which literally means ' common acne.' This type of acne can cause blackheads, whiteheads, papules, pustules, nodules and cysts.

Blackheads - Blackheads occur in partially blocked pores. Sebum (the substance which causes oily skin), dead cells, and bacteria are slowly draining to the surface of the skin and the black color is caused by the pigments in the skin being exposed to air. Blackheads can take a long time to clear up.

Whiteheads - Unlike blackheads, whiteheads are contained beneath the surface of the skin. They are caused by completely blocked pores which trap the sebum, dead cells, and bacteria.

Papules - These are small red bumps on the skin. They are tender and cause irritation, but it is important not to touch them or squeeze them. Doing so may cause scarring.

Pustules - Pustules are what most people call pimples or zits. They appear as a red circle with a white or yellow center.

Nodules - These are much larger than other forms of acne. They are hard lumps underneath the surface of the skin which can be painful and last for several months. This type of acne is particularly vulnerable to scarring, so it is advisable to have it treated by a dermatologist.

Cysts - Cysts are similar to nodules except that they are filled with pus. They are painful and likely to scar if untreated. Like nodules, they should be treated by a dermatologist.

Acne Conglobata - This is a relatively rare form of acne vulgaris but it is extremely disfiguring and can cause severe psychological as well as physical suffering. Large lesions form on the face, chest, back, buttocks, upper arms, and thighs and can be accompanied by numerous blackheads. It causes damage to the skin and permanent scarring. It is more common in males than females, and the condition can persist for several years.

Acne Fulminans - This is a sudden appearance of Acne Conglobata accompanied with a fever and aching of the joints. It is usually treated with oral steroids.

Gram-Negative Folliculitis - This condition may be caused by long-term treatment of acne with antibiotics. It is a bacterial infection which causes pustules and cysts.

Pyoderma Faciale - This type of acne only affects females usually between the ages of 20 and 40. It causes large painful pustules, nodules and cysts on the face and may leave permanent scarring. It most often occurs in women who have never experienced acne before and usually clears up within a year.

Acne Rosacea - This form of acne usually affects people over the age of 30. It causes a red rash on the cheeks, forehead, nose, and chin. There may also be pimples and other skin blemishes. It occurs more often in females than males, although men often have more severe symptoms. It is a different form of acne than Acne Vulgaris and treatment is different for the two types.

Treating Acne with Laser or Surgery

The majority of people with a mild case of acne can treat it effectively by keeping the area clean and applying a topical product that contains benzoyl peroxide to help clear up the blemishes. Those with persistent acne or more severe acne often seek alternative treatment methods. A dermatologist can help discuss the different treatments currently available including treating acne with laser therapy or acne surgery.

Acne Laser Treatment

If treating your acne with laser therapy or surgery is something you're considering, it's important to fully evaluate each of the processes, including the number of required treatments, the associated costs and the potential side effects of the treatment. It's also important that you select a process that is designed to deal with reducing the presence of acne - not acne scarring. It does get confusing.

Using Laser to Treat Acne

Laser treatments involve the use of varying wavelengths that are aimed directly at the impacted area. The wavelengths pulsate against the skin and work to destroy overly-large sebaceous glands and acne lesions. Lasers help to reduce the inflammation and redness that surrounds acne lesions. Laser treatments also remove the damaged outer layers of skin so that new cell growth can be initiated. The laser technician will vary the intensity of the laser as required to effectively treat the area. This is a desirable acne treatment method because it has few side effects. It's simple, only slightly uncomfortable and doesn't involve the use of messy creams or potentially dangerous prescription drugs.

There is considerable debate surrounding the effectiveness of laser treatments for acne. It has been shown to be effective at improving the skin's appearance, even after just one treatment. As with most of the available acne treatments, there are side effects. Some patients do experience red, burned skin after treatment that can last for weeks. The appearance of the skin can be uneven if the laser is applied inconsistently. Also, individuals with dark-colored skin can end up with skin discoloration after laser treatments.

Acne Surgery

Acne surgery involves making an incision into the affected area and draining the clogged matter. The process for blackheads and whiteheads doesn't actually involve surgery, but is often performed by a nurse, esthetician or dermatologist. They'll use a small, pointed blade to first open the comedone and then gently work the material out using a comedone extractor.

Severe acne cysts can be drained and removed by a procedure known as excisional surgery. This process is much more involved than that which is described above or even the at-home method of 'popping zits'. The procedure needs to be performed in a sterile environment using sterilized instruments to reduce the risk of spreading bacterial infection and should only be performed by a person with proper training. If deep acne cysts are not carefully extracted, they can develop into a serious infection and result in severe acne scarring. Because of the increased likelihood for acne surgery to produce acne scarring, this acne treatment method isn't as popular as it used to be.

How do we cure pimples ?

Best Acne Treatments Part Two -- Acne Medicine.

Many people try to treat acne conditions on their own without consulting a doctor. However, it is always a good idea to check with a dermatologist when you notice any kind of unusual skin condition. Even if it turns out to be acne, the doctor can give you valuable information and advice about how to treat it.

Best Acne Medications

Mild and moderate conditions of acne can often be treated with over-the-counter medications, but severe cases should be treated by a dermatologist and prescription medicine. Even if the acne is moderate, a prescription medicine may be more effective than what is available over-the-counter.

There are two types of prescription acne medications -- oral and topical. Antibiotics are often used to fight acne, and they can be taken orally or as a lotion. Topical prescription medications may include ingredients such as zinc or retinoids.

Antibiotics -- The most common antibiotic used for treating acne is tetracycline. It is used to kill the bacteria responsible for acne and also reduces inflammation. Antibiotic treatment may take several weeks or even months to be effective and must continue even after the acne has cleared up. A common side effect associated with tetracycline is increased sensitivity to sun light resulting in bad sunburns if the patient stays in the sun too long. Other side effects include upset stomach, dizziness, and hives.

Women taking tetracycline can suffer from increased incidences of vaginal yeast. Pregnant women and children under the age of 12 cannot take tetracycline because it discolours growing teeth.

Ointments -- Antibiotic ointments have fewer complications than oral antibiotics. They are effective in killing bacteria which cause acne, and when used in conjunction with other topical treatments like benzoyl peroxide the bacteria may not develop resistance to the antibiotics.

Retinoids -- Retinoids are derived from vitamin A and can be applied directly on the skin in the form of lotions or creams. Topical retinoid medications are useful for treating blackheads and whiteheads by helping to open clogged pores. A common side effect of topical retinoids is dry skin.

Oral retinoids can be used for more severe forms of acne which don't respond to other treatments. Oral retinoids cause the upper layer of the skin to peel thereby opening pores. They also cause the body to produce less sebum – the substance which causes oily skin.

A number of serious side effects are associated with oral retinoids. They can cause birth defects if mothers are taking them when pregnant, so females must use two forms of birth control if they are under retinoid treatment. They can also cause liver damage and depression, so regular medical attention is needed to make sure the patient is not being adversely affected by retinoid treatment.

Other medications – Birth control pills are sometimes effective in treating acne in women. They change hormone levels in the body and can reduce the acne causing effects of testosterone. Zinc is a relatively new treatment that is effective in some cases. Always discuss with your dermatologist for the most effective treatment for your particular case.

Home Remedies for Pimples, Cure Pimples

Pimples are serious adolescence problem of the skin. They appear on the cheeks, forehead and nose and spoil looks. Pimples are almost developed in young adults and teenagers due to the inflammation of skin. The acne home remedies listed below have worked for many people, but they may not work for some people. Pimples can be removed by taking enough vitamins, calcium, fruits etc. Try out these home remedies to cure pimples.
Pimples Home Remedies

Mix 1 tablespoon groundnut oil with 1 tablespoon fresh lime juice to prevent formation of blackheads and pimples.

Another overnight home remedy for zapping a zit is to put a dab of toothpaste on it to help dry it out. You may need to test this on a short-term basis to make sure it doesn't irritate your pimple. Calamine lotion will have the same drying effect.

Honey is a great remedy for pimples and acne. It kills bacteria and leaves the skin pimple free.

A common home remedy for pimples is toothpaste. Use the paste variety, not gel and gently apply a small drop directly on top of the blemish and let it dry. This will draw the pimple out and leave you blemish free. If left on too long, the skin may become irritated.

Juice of raw papaya is the best treatment for pimples. Apply fresh juice of raw papaya on pimples and get a good result.

Take a raw potato, peel and grate it. Put the grated into a muslin piece and tie it tightly to form a pad. Rub this pad all over the face in the firm, circular motions for about 5 minutes and then wash your face. Alternatively you could directly rub potato slices all over the face, Helps to get rid of blemishes and pimple scar.

Take a few pods of cloves and roast them dry in a pan. Powder them and add a little curd to make be a paste. Dab the paste on the pimples and let it dry. Wash off. Use this treatment regularly if you are prone to pimples. It is especially good for people who have an oily skin. The roasted cloves help to dry up the pimples faster.

A few handy tips for those who suffer from pimple 'attacks'. Drink plenty of water and vegetable or fruit juices. Use cucumber or other fruit and vegetable packs to cure pimple scars. Maintain a diet that is rich in cottage cheese, fish and yoghurt. These help to cleanse your system and ward off pimples.
Pimples treatment using Zinc

Another useful remedy for acne and pimples is zinc. It should be taken in a dose of 50 mg daily for a month to reduce pimples. Then you can reduce the dose if noticable improvements are seen on your skin.
Home remedy for Pimple using Orange peel

Homemade Pimple Treatment using Orange peel has been found very effective. Pound the orange peel with water on a piece stone and apply to acne affected areas.

Mix equal amount of lemon juice and groundnut oil to form a paste. Apply on face and leave for 15 minutes and then wash off with water. Another good remedy to prevent pimples.

Mariglod petals crushed with a little castor oil can bring the zit to its head quickly. To suppress it, sandalwood paste with holy basil leaf helps.

To avoid transferring bacteria and germs, clean your pillowcase, washcloths, towels, make-up brushes and applicators frequently.

Apply fresh lime juice mixed to a glass of boiled milk as a face wash for acne, pimples, blackheads, and cracked skin.

Apply ripe tomatoes pulp on pimples and keet upto 1 hour, then wash.

Make a paste by mixing 3 tablespoons of honey and 1 teaspoon of cinnamon powder. Apply this paste on the pimples before sleeping and wash it next morning with warm water. Repeat for two weeks, pimples will disappear forever.

Use of sulphur soap is effective in keeping the oil glands clean and thus reducing pimples and acne. Grease can be removed by the use of lemon juice or camphor­spirit.

Blend cucumber and make a paste. Apply this as a mask on your face and leave it for 1/2 hour and then rinse. This refreshes your skin and prevents acne.

A mask of grated apple mixed with a little honey is an excellent remedy for pimples. Most facial masks can be applied to the skin for 15-20 minutes then washed off with warm water, followed by a cold rinse.

Avoid consuming ghee, butter oils and sweets.

The Pimple affected parts must be thoroughly cleaned and wiped with a soft towel.

Cleanse the face free of make-up at night and before going to bed.

Fuller's earth (multani mitti) pack is an effective means to control pimples.

Daily intake of a spoonful of honey mixed with rose water clears the skin.

Too much fingering and bursting of pimples causes septic and may leave behind permanent marks and damages to your looks.

Grind Neem leaves and turmeric. Mix with water to make a paste. It should be rubbed on the
pimple or scars, this helps clear away the spots.
How to reduce pimples:

* Regularly shampoo your hair.
* Avoid unnecessarily touching your affected areas.
* Change your dirty cloths , always wear clean and fresh cloth.
* Wash your face twice a day with mild soap.
* Avoid over make-up, only wear on special occasions.
* Try to minimize your stress levels.
* Keep a food diary to work out.

Pimples Home Remedy Suggestion by Visitors

crush some asprin and add a little water. this will create a paste. put on face for 10-15 min. by Pete

To avoid pimples,wash your face with cold and hot water alternatively and note that you must end with cold water. by chottu

Home Treatment to get rid of Pimple Suggested by Visitors

Green tea was really a great affect on me, it worked wonderfully and afterwards my skin was not only acne free but soft too. take a small cereal bowl and fill about half way with water. the put in microwave for 55 seconds. put a tea bag in and stir every now and then during a five minute waiting period. then over sink dip affected area of skin into the bowl it was great for my chin and nose pimples.

hi, i have dark pimple marks on my forehead (i don't have dandraff) .pls tell me how can i reduce it? Question asked by Sharon

To reduce puffiness and redness on a pimpled or under eyes , or lack of sleep, try rubbing hydrocortisol. Suggested by Jessie

Rathy says - To get rid of pimples mix sandal wood paste with a spoon of lemon juice and apply upon it.

To get rid of pimple swelling, put an ice cube over the blemish for 2 minutes, every 30 minutes, the swelling will go down! (By Emma)
Apply honey to a pimple before bed and cover with a bandaid for the night. Do it for 2 days and the pimple should be gone!

Getting the Right Acne Treatment

Basically cystic acne is a type of vulgaris form of acne, and can be more difficult to remove than other forms of acne because it occurs deeply in the skin rather than on surface. It is caused when the oil glands under the skin become blocked and then glare, involving the ignition of fabric around them. If you have the cystic acne you will test large painful bumps similar to the cysts, but not necessarily with the white or the black spots on the surface of the skin.

There is a certain number of manners of removing the cystic acne, but the first thing to make sure of is that you do not tighten the spots. This can cause a major infection and promote the fabric ignition which will take longer to cure. The first treatment that should test to you is the benzoyl peroxide that you can buy above the meter, or prescribed by your dermatologist, and who should be applied directly to the buttons over a certain period of time. If this does not function it can be time to pass to more intense form treatment cystic of acne. The most effective treatment of the cystic acne engraves is isotretinoin, also known under the name of accutane. This oral drug should be taken regularly during up to twenty weeks and work by reducing the size of producing oil glands, as well as to limit the loss of the cells of skin. It also returns the cells of skin less thus sticking they are less to cause a filling. Isotretinoin is a strong drug and has various side effects, thus your dermatologist will give you a complete evaluation before prescribing it and to various hours during the treatment. Physically it can cause the a kind of inflammation of the lip and the membranes of the eye, the dry skin, the mouth or the nose, muscle hurts, the nose bleeds and the problems of vision. It can even cause the cholesterol and the increased changes of blood of the function of liver.

The mental risks joined it include the suicidal depression, psychosis and thoughts. For this reason it will not be subscribed to no matter whom with a history of depression, and you will be narrowly supervised whist which you take drug.

A final risk related to this drug is the development of the defects of birth in the babies to come. One will never prescribe it with the pregnant women and of the women of the age of bearing of child are encouraged to employ at least two methods of contraception while taking drug.

Another possibility to treat the cystic acne is intra-lesional therapy of corticosteroid. This comprises an injection of diluted cortisone solution directly in the cyst. It provides the fast relief of the pain and releases the button quickly. However, it is not a long-term treatment and does not prevent necessarily the acne from turning over.

Your final option to remove the cystic acne would be a surgery of acne which is the physical displacement of the material forming fillings and causing the lesions. This must be done by a dermatologist professional and continued by a course of antibiotics to ensure it does not cause more infection.

But if you are fed up with all this talk about how one acne product would be batter than the order then I guess the best option for you might be to adopt a pocket friendy option to solving your acne problems you might ask what I mean by this well you see acne can mark physically and with emotion the condition which affects many individuals of all the ages, races, and kinds. This state of skin generally occurs with teenagers or young adults, but the acne can also infest adults as well. That which the age, this condition can be painful and outstanding, in the physical and emotive direction. Many professional products come with a heavy label from the prices and are well out of reach for victims of acne. My dear I would advice you not to waste much of your hard earned money on various products that in most cases will not help solve your problem. This article will teach you how to handle your acne without empting your pocket. If you are with a loss for which product to buy for your problems just look around your kitchen you would be amazed by the extent of helpful tools you would probably fin around.
The soda bicarbonate is widespread in the majority of the kitchens and plays a great part in the majority of the treatments of acne at home. This substance is marvelously normal for a friendly budget and can be employed to clean and exfoliate or to create a healthy mask.

Open your refrigerator for some excellent normal substances of skin care which can come like great surprise. You can use the egg whites to clear up buttons. You should apply it a little abundantly to small affected sector and leave above for a period it usually takes around 20 minutes. Vinegar is a great treatment used for much of health related problems, and acne is not any different! Plug the cotton balls soaked by vinegar on the sectors affected after having completely cleaned your face. Try to wash your face in a kind of salty water. There is a variety of budget-friendly options available which can be employed for a certain number of products for care of the skin. I hope that this will go a long way in solving your acne problems.

But perhaps the best treatment of acne on this planet is water. The acne starts when your cells of skin are maltreated and start to react abnormally, and water is crucial with the health of your skin. In fact, the experts say that water is crucial to have the soft and young skin.

When cells of skin are private water (dehydration) this leaves them fighting until the filling arrives. If you add this to the hard effects of the exposure of the sun, cold or heat survive, pollution, and air-conditioning, your skin cells can react several manners, including the production of surplus oil (sebum), the dryness, and the escapes from acne.

A typical person loses around 1.5 liter of water per day... not counting the water loss of the exercise or not sweating a hot day. Consequently, the reprimand about drinking 6 to 8 glasses of water per day is really good council. When cells of skin (and the remainder of the cells in your body, because this matter) are given sufficient water, they can maintain the membranes operational which maintain your skin hydrated. If not sufficient water given, however, your cells will not rebuild and will not be able to waste and the toxins which accumulate in them. This often deprives the already dehydrated cell of oxygen and the food which it must function and to be cleaned correctly.

B3 vitamin
Did you know that as low as American 9% eat the 3 to 5 portions recommended of vegetables each day? At best, 3 out of 10 Americans can consume vitamins enough to treat under the efforts and the conditions which afflict with the people today, acne being one of most common. Your skin is the largest body of your body, and when you do not consume enough food it will show the first signs of this deprivation. The experts agree that the B3 vitamin or the niacine is crucial with the healthy skin. It improves circulation and helps your body to metabolize of greases, the carbohydrates, and proteins. The acne is a symptom of insufficiency of niacine. The proportioning recommended for victims of acne is magnesium 200, taken three times per day.

Research has proved that Niacinamide topic, a derivative of the B3 vitamin, is more effective against the acne than even the popular antibiotic clindamycin. Present in the surplus it against product of acne, Acnessential (a cream of 4% Niacinamide), the B3 derivative was employed in the studies at the university of the State of New York against soft to the acne moderately inflammatory and of comedonal, and proven effective.

The normal green tea is not fermented, unlike other types of tea. This means that it is not oxidized and, consequently, it maintains the substances active which do to him one of the best treatments of acne.The green tea contains a high amount of effective antioxydants which make it salutary in the prevention of acne. The antioxydants thwart the effects of the free radicals in the atmosphere which threaten to damage your cells and fabrics.

Quick Cure for Pimples

You thought that the pimples stage ended with adulthood. Yet, you look in the mirror find that pimple staring back at you right before an important social event or office meeting. There are several quick cures for pimples. Do not lose hope!

Pimples are formed when the skin pore is clogged with grease and dirt. To get the pimples to heal and clear away, you want to pull the gunk out of the pimples. Place a small amount of witch hazel on a cotton ball. Dab the pimples with the cotton ball letting the witch hazel extract the dirt. Rinse your face with cool water to close back up the pores.

Another remedy is to use an ex foliating scrub. One that works well is finely crushed sea salt combined with a vitamin E and Aloe Vera gel. Combine the gel and sea salt in equal parts. Splash face with warm water to open the pores. Apply the mixture to your face and lightly scrub for approximately one minute. Rinse face with cool water. Apply a toner if desired. This will help reduce pimples and decrease aging of the skin.

Do NOT use hydrogen peroxide on your face. Studies have shown that it causes the pimples to enlarge. The peroxide forms a bubbling action with impurities in the pimples. While it is bubbling, this increases the pore size and can actually make your pimples worse. Hydrogen peroxide also acts as a bleaching agent. If you dab onto a cotton ball and apply to pimples, you are bleaching portions of your skin. The result is blotchy skin with an uneven tone. You are much better off using just plain water on your face then hydrogen peroxide.

Water is also a great cure for pimples. Rinse your face several times a day with warm water and then cool water. This will cleanse the skin without having reactions to soaps and cleaners.

Change your pillow case covers frequently. Dead skin and bed mites build up in pillow cases. Changing the covers frequently decreases the breeding ground for new pimples.

Vinegar tips - Cure with vinegar

For many people especially during their younger years acne, pimples or spots can be a real problem and worry. A rapid solution to a flare up or a spot or acne is to use distilled vinegar.

All you need to do is dab white distilled vinegar, on the affected area and leave it on. It will energize the circulation in the face and actually shrink blemishes. Be warned though, if you use vinegar on your skin every day it tends to dry out your skin.

You can use vinegar as an antiseptic to reduce the itch from mosquito or other insect bites, apply directly to the skin.

Vinegar also reduces any swelling and promotes healing.

You can use vinegar as an antiseptic to reduce the itch from poison ivy, apply directly to the skin.

Vinegar also reduces any swelling and promotes healing.

You can use vinegar as an antiseptic for cuts and abrasions, apply directly to the skin.

Vinegar also reduces any swelling and promotes healing.

If you have had a bump on the head rub vinegar and salt on the bump. It will reduce the swelling, speed the healing, reduce the bruising and feel more comfortable.

Vinegar is great when you have burned yourself in the kitchen. Put ice cold vinegar on the affected area and you will feel the relief in no time.

Put some vinegar on a cloth and hold it on the area if your have a burn from the kitchen and you will not get a blister.

Vinegar is particularly useful for neutralizing alkali burns

If you are suffering with itchy skin you can relieve the discomfort of itchy skin, by patting on apple cider vinegar. If the itch is near the eyes or other delicate areas, dilute the vinegar, 4 parts water to 1 part vinegar.

For a full body treatment, put 2 or 3 cups in the bath water.

If you are suffering with rectal itching, dampen a gauze square in apple cider vinegar and apply gently, it will ease the discomfort of rectal itching.

If you are struggling with itchy welts, hives, swelling, or blemishes. The discomfort can be eased by the application of a paste of vinegar and cornstarch. Just pat it on and feel the itch being drawn out as the paste dries.

One reason that vinegar is so helpful in treating skin disorders, is that it has a pH which is nearly the same as healthy skin. So, applying vinegar helps to normalize the pH of the skin's surface.

Headaches and pain will disappear if you add a dash of apple cider vinegar to the water in a vaporizer and inhale for 5 minutes. After this lay quietly and try not to concentrate on the pain and the headache should be relieved in 20 minutes.

It is said that you can improve your memory by drinking a glass of warm water before each meal with a teaspoon of apple cider vinegar mixed in.